A settlement has existed on the site of London since well before Roman times, with evidence of Bronze Age and Celtic settlement. The Roman city of Londinium, established just after the Roman conquest of Britannia in the year 43, formed the basis for the modern city (some isolated Roman period remains are still to be seen within the City). After the end of Roman rule in 410 and a short-lived decline, London experienced a gradual revival under the Anglo-Saxons, as well as the Norsemen, and emerged as a great medieval trading city, and eventually replaced Winchester as the royal capital of England. This paramount status for London was confirmed when William the Conqueror, a Norman, built the Tower of London after the conquest in 1066 and was crowned King of England in Westminster.
London went from strength to strength and with the rise of England to first European then global prominence and the city became a great center of culture, government and industry. London’s long association with the theatre can be traced back to the English Renaissance (witness the Rose Theatre and great playwrights like Shakespeare who made London their home). With the rise of Britain to supreme maritime power in the 18th and 19th centuries and the possessor of the largest global empire, London became an imperial capital and drew people and influences from around the world to become, for many years, the largest city in the world.
London is a top-ranked world city: a global center of culture, finance, and learning, which has a tremendous role in the London tourism. Today London is easily the largest city in the United Kingdom and dominates the economic, political and social life of the nation. The London holidays can never be boring, because it is full of excellent bars, galleries, museums, parks and theatres.
It is also the most culturally and ethnically diverse part of the country, making it a great multicultural city to visit. Holidays in London are often known as “a great cultural journey” as Samuel Johnson famously said, “when one is tired of London, one is tired of life.” Whether you are interested in ancient history, modern art, opera or underground raves, London has it all.